Back in 2011, 362 tornadoes ravaged seven Southern states and those horrific twisters during that April killed more than 300, injured thousands more, leveled whole neighborhoods and reduced well-constructed homes to piles of rubble.
Weather authorities are calling it the second worst natural disaster in the history of this country – following Hurricane Katrina in 2005 – and the deadliest U.S. tornado incident in 37 years. Insured losses are estimated at 2 billion to 5 billion dollars by risk management firm, Eqecat, with initial reports of 100,000 buildings destroyed.
If there’s one ray of hope for the survivors, it’s the likelihood that they have standard homeowners insurance that will pay for their food and shelter while they rebuild. Unlike earthquakes or floods, tornado damage is typically covered under a standard homeowner’s policy, industry experts say.
However, many of those policies may not be sufficient enough to foot the entire bill for cleanup repair and home replacement costs. In 2008, building cost data firm Marshall & Swift revealed that 64 percent of homes in the U.S. are underinsured and only 81 percent of homeowners have enough coverage to rebuild their homes.
Loretta Worters, vice president, Insurance Information Institute (III), said a standard homeowner’s policy will pay for any damage caused by wind, including tornadoes and hurricanes. In addition to living expenses resulting from mandatory evacuations (hotel bills, restaurant meals, and other costs), most homeowners insurance policies cover damage to contents inside the home and any structural damage that might require repair or replacement.
Worters says most policies provide Additional Living Expenses (ALE) coverage for 20 percent of the amount of insurance you have on your house and may be for a specified time period, typically 12 to 24 months.
“Coverage for additional living expenses varies by the company, so check your policy language to make sure you have coverage,” said Worters.
She also notes those living in areas prone to hurricanes and tornadoes will generally pay more for their homeowner’s policy than those who do not. This may include states that comprise “Tornado Alley,” such as Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, Nebraska, South Dakota, Iowa, Colorado and Missouri.
Safeco Insurance says its homeowner’s policies cover damage to roofs, walls, cars, inventory and belongings. However, the insurer adds, deductibles do apply and the deductible may be higher for wind or hail damage caused by tornadoes.
Safeco says it will replace damaged items and materials with the same type of quality and materials only. If you want to upgrade your roof, for example, the difference in cost will be borne by the policyholder.
“With home values falling in many parts of the country, some people think they can reduce their homeowner’s insurance coverage,” said Worters. “Doing this, however, could result in a homeowner being dangerously underinsured. The real estate value of a home is very different from the rebuilding cost.”
She says demolition and debris removal can further add to rebuilding costs. Also, your community may have added new ordinances since your home was built that now must be adhered to.
Worters recommends considering the following coverages:
-Replacement cost pays for repair or replacement of damaged property with materials of similar kind and quality.
-Extended replacement cost is designed to protect the policyholder following a major disaster should the high demand for building contractors and materials push up the normal cost of reconstruction. It provides an additional 20 percent or more over the limits in your policy.
-Inflation guard automatically adjusts the coverage limits to reflect current construction costs in your area. You may have to purchase this separately.
-Water back-up insures your property from damage from sewer or drain back-up. Most insurers offer it as an endorsement to a standard policy.
-Flood and earthquake insurance covers flooding from a hurricane or the floods that could follow a tornado, or earthquakes–all of which are not covered by standard insurance policies.
Make safety your first priority. Listen to the local radio station for up-to-date information, stay out of damaged buildings, watch out for broken glass and sharp objects, and if you must drive, do so carefully.